New PDF release: A Natural History of Western Trees

By Peattie, D.C. and Landacre, P.

One in all real classics of yankee nature writing now in paperback; the opposite is A traditional background of timber of japanese and relevant North the USA.

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In particular, this includes "Realverbände", which are a legally protected form of community/joint ownership and amount to 10% of the forests in Lower Saxony. Private forests constitute the largest group in Germany, with regard to their share of forests. They can be divided into private operations of greatly differing scales. Around 1200 forest owners have forestry enterprises of over 200 hectares; 350,000 forest owners have forestlands of between 1 and 200 hectares in size; and 850,000 owners have very small forests of less than 1 hectare (Niesslein 1985, p.

Whereas some foresters consider the forest to be a largely self-regulating ecosystem which can independently overcome any disturbance. According to their basic convictions, the former group will be much more careful to use sustainable forest management, whereas the latter group might consider full-scale production or introduction of foreign tree species a method of sustainable production. The corresponding basic convictions of each individual are not random, rather 20 FOREST POLICY ANALYSIS they are a result of his or her lifetime experience in family, the education system and everyday life.

Only if the owners have achieved this principle freedom, are policy making and the market economy called upon to set up a framework in which forest ownership can develop to usefully fulfill public objectives. According to the manner they function, economic and political control are targeted to freedom of choice in ownership. The owner's authority over his own forest does not have to be asserted by him alone, instead it must be politically guaranteed. A central power, no matter how it be organized, supports the realization of owners' claims (Willgerodt 1980).

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A Natural History of Western Trees by Peattie, D.C. and Landacre, P.

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