By Albert J. Nyberg, Scott Rozelle
"...two concerns stay crucial to the [Chinese] government's rural improvement goals: meals protection and poverty relief. China has made awesome development in assembly those ambitions: the economic climate, together with the agricultural quarter, has grown at extraordinary premiums through the reform period." whereas China's rural items, enter, exertions, and land markets are bettering, they continue to be nascent. China nonetheless must foster numerous serious associations, akin to a good economic process, a extra effective rural economic system, a practicable land tenure association, and a made over alternate and funding setting for agriculture. the first objective of this file is to spot and consolidate info on those the most important matters that effect on rural improvement in China. This file assesses strategic suggestions from the viewpoint of potency, equitable improvement, and development. it's meant to aid govt officers and international financial institution employees to prioritize coverage and institutional reforms and public funding judgements within the rural area.
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". .. matters stay significant to the [Chinese] government's rural improvement goals: foodstuff safeguard and poverty relief. China has made extraordinary development in assembly those targets: the economic climate, together with the agricultural region, has grown at extraordinary premiums in the course of the reform interval. " whereas China's rural items, enter, hard work, and land markets are enhancing, they continue to be nascent.
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China also has the infrastructure and bureaucratic expertise to run an effective buffer-stock system as part of its domestic marketing strategy. This system could also be used in conjunction with imports to buffer domestic prices. Liberalizing international cereal and oilseed trading would be an efficient option for managing trade and supporting the objective of 95-percent grain self-sufficiency. Domestic Marketing: Room for More Improvement Marketing and pricing policy reforms have led to unprecedented market development over the past decade.
Telephone 978 750 8400, fax 978 750 4470. Please contact Copyright Clearance Center prior to photocopying items. For permission to reprint individual articles or chapters, please fax your request with complete information to the Republication Department, Copyright Clearance Center, fax 978 750 4470. All other queries on rights and licenses should be addressed to the World Bank at the address above, or fax no. 202 522 2422. Cover photograph by Frederick W. Crook. Spring Wheat Growing on High Altitude Terraces, Yuzhong County, Gansu, China.
Finding a mechanism to permit the remaining full-time farmers to access additional farm land, and thus improve incomes by raising the land/labor ratio, is imperative. Despite the benefits that farmers would receive if land were privatized or if land rights were more secure, a number of household surveys have determined that most farmers prefer collective ownership and periodic land adjustments based on demographic dynamics. Therefore, an abrupt change in land property rights, such as privatization, would have significant social costs and be ill advised.
Accelerating China's rural transformation by Albert J. Nyberg, Scott Rozelle