By Hans Ruthenberg
In early 1961 the Ho-Institut fur Wirtschaftsforschung (Ho-Institute for financial examine) tested an "African stories Centre" with the aid of the Fritz-Thyssen-Foundation to behavior examine into the industrial and political difficulties of constructing nations, with spe cial connection with the African countries. through investigations into thestructure and customers of improvement within the constructing international locations, the reviews Centre will goal at contributing in the direction of the production of a actual basis, at the foundation of which the Federal Republic's strengthen ment coverage could be conducted successfully. during this "age of improvement" the social and monetary sciences are faced with manifold projects. In fixing those, interdisciplinary co operation will end up positive or even crucial, if flawed and slim decisions are to be kept away from. Co-operation among scientists and institutes engaged in numerous branches of study will make attainable a greater und er status of the complicated sensible dating which ensure financial occasions and their mutations outdoor Western business society than might be in general accomplished via an remoted process. clever total financial making plans, for instance, calls for technological research simply up to an actual wisdom of social constitution or actual context. At this element the economist needs to co-operate heavily with the engineer if he needs to prevent wasting his approach usually styles of development. For, "des lors que nous parions (du developpement) en quantites globales, nous ne parions de rien" (LoUIs ]OSEPH LEBRET).
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The Report of the World Bank indicates that 35 per cent of the market supply Table 7. Type 0/ Farm by Predominant Activity (1958) Type Number of Farms cereals . sisal . coffee ranches mixed farming tobacco oilseeds sugar tea pyrethrum seed beans kapok. papain. wattle . rubber. cinchona. not specified 155 151 132 106 105 60 52 30 25 21 19 19 10 Total 898 7 1 1 4 Note: According to the census, these 898 farms constitute 75-85 per cent of the non-african farms. The remaining 15-25 per cent consist of relatively unimportant sm all farms.
Manioe, a erop introdueed in 1940, is planted between the millet, sometimes mixed with groundnuts, as a tumble-down fallow. Fallow land is seen only rarely, but sometimes the older, grassed-over manioe fields are referred to as fa 1lows. In valley areas, sinee 1920, more and more riee is grown outside the above deseribed rotation and is irrigated with brook water. The riee is sown in seed-beds and then transplanted. Riee is almost always grown for sale. The other erops are used by the households themselves.
The shortage of fodder prevents the building up of wealth in livestock. The Use of Fertilizers. 1. Cattle are kept in sheds praetically the whole year round. They take up half 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. of the huts and are put outside only to drink and occasionally to graze. Sometimes they are kept tethered. In the huts the cattle are kept in 4-ft. deep stalls, the sides of whidt are banked by stones. Thus, no liquid manure is lost. Feeding and bedding are done twice daily. As soon as the stall is full, the manure is removed and stored in piles in front of the huts.
Agricultural Development in Tanganyika by Hans Ruthenberg