By A. B. Bosworth, E. J. Baynham
Вокруг имени Александра Македонского сложилось множество легенд. Эта работа представляет собой подборку исследований крупных западных историков, в которых производится попытка отделить правду от вымысла.
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Arr. 3. 3. 4). 36 Arr. Ind. 23. 6 (Oreitis). Ind. 26 describes the transit of the coast south of Alexander’s route through the Makran, and it is clear that the fleet had to dig its own wells and subsist on dates and meat supplied by natives. By that stage most of the supply of grain had been exhausted (Ind. 26. 9). The only depot of provisions which Alexander supplied is recorded west of Persis on the Persian Gulf (Ind. 38. 9). 32 Brian Bosworth intensified the lurid details of Nearchus for rhetorical effect, and it is exactly the contrast we find in the reports of Cortés’ march to Honduras.
Have been justly conquered by such an excellent, pious, and most just king . . ’ (Hanke 1959: 46–7). 58 Arr. 4. 1. 1; Curt. 7. 6. 11; on this episode see Bosworth 1995: 13–15; 1996a: 151–2. 59 So Nearchus, FGrH 133 F 1(g) = Strabo 11. 13. 6 (524); Arr. Ind. 40. 6–8. 60 Arr. Ind. 40. 8. On the campaign see Arr. 7. 15. 1–3; Diod. 17. 111. 4–6 (confirming the establishment of cities); Plut. Alex. 72. 4; Polyaen. 4. 3. 21, and on the Cossaeans in general see Briant 1982b: 64–81. ’61 The Aristotelian doctrine of natural slavery shines out here.
1–5. The Indian parallels are given in Bosworth 1998, contesting the view propagated by Schwartz 1896: 83–5 (cf. Brown 1949b: 41; Pédech 1984: 106) that Onesicritus is merely delivering a Cynic sermon. For more neutral approaches see Schwarz 1980: 108; Stoneman 1995: 103–4. 75 His submission is reinforced by the senior Brahman of northern India, who is represented hailing Alexander almost as an ideal king. Taxiles, it would seem, recognized the suzerainty of Alexander, based on his conquest of the Persian Empire, to which his princedom had once belonged, and Dandamis conferred moral legitimacy.
Alexander The Great In Fact And Fiction by A. B. Bosworth, E. J. Baynham