A German dialect spoken in Alsace (France), has speedily misplaced technique to French seeing that 1945. This ebook investigates language selection, language attitudes and ethnic id in Alsace this present day. The Alsatian case learn issues out the advanced interrelationship of linguistic and id switch with historic, social and mental procedures.
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Extra info for Alsatian Acts of Identity: Language Use and Language Attitudes in Alsace (Multilingual Matters)
They are critical like Frenchmen, they laugh like Frenchmen, and like them, they make fun of ... ' Second, linguistically French and German have long been in contact in Alsace and French has long been a language of prestige in the entire German world. Levy asserts that children from the upper-class German families were sent to France for their education as early as the eleventh century (Philipps, 1975: 269). Although it is difficult to know how widespread this practice was, it may have been the beginning of the prestige enjoyed by French culture and the French language in the German world.
The schools, then, were seen as a major tool for the continued assimilation of Alsace to France. While the teaching of German had been tolerated at most times, it was temporarily stopped in 1945, to regain lost ground. 5% among Alsatians, between 1946 and 1962. A 1979 government census did not even include questions on knowledge of French, since it was assumed to be generalized. Not until 1951, did the Deixonne law officially recognize regional languages in France, but Flemish, Alsatian and Corsican were excluded from the field of application of this law on the grounds that they are varieties of foreign languages.
As Strauss points out, Alsace is unique in that, Page 24 having been a part of the German world for 1,000 years, it nevertheless changed its national loyalty and sentiment, accepting as a consequence of this change, a sociolinguistic situation in which the continued use not only of High German, but even the regional German idioms, is critically endangered (Strauss, 1981: 192) Strauss points out that German nationalism in the nineteenth century did not affect Alsace-Lorraine, since these provinces were outside the German borders.
Alsatian Acts of Identity: Language Use and Language Attitudes in Alsace (Multilingual Matters) by Vassberg