New PDF release: An Introduction to Agricultural Biochemistry

By J. M. Chesworth, T. Stuchbury, J. R. Scaife (auth.)

ISBN-10: 0412643901

ISBN-13: 9780412643903

ISBN-10: 9400914415

ISBN-13: 9789400914414

Agricultural Biochemistry will supply an creation to the topic of biochemistry from a standpoint that may be quite acceptable to agricultural scientists. it's going to concentrate on the chemistry of plant and animal metabolism and the biomolecules which are eager about those pathways after which move directly to talk about concepts vegetation and animals undertake for processing of foodstuff, the variation of those organisms to environmental stipulations and the ways that new genetic engineering ideas can be utilized to govern growth.

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Extra resources for An Introduction to Agricultural Biochemistry

Example text

Within the organism they have important functions in cellular recognition. One example of this is in development of self-incompatibility in plants: germination of pollen grains is prevented in many types of plants if lectins in the pollen recognise the stigma as being from the same plant. It is also now recognised that animals contain similar proteins which may serve similar functions. Many mammalian cell membranes have projecting carbohydrate groups on their surfaces, and it is through these carbohydrates that many of the processes of cell recognition take place.

Although this lettering system is no longer in use in modern texts it is closely linked with the discovery of the pathways for the metabolism of fatty acids, and it is for this reason that the three pathways of fatty acid oxidation are still referred to as a-, 13- and w-oxidation (see Chapter 13). 1 contains a list of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids commonly found in plant and animal tissues, with their common name, systematic name, shorthand notation and chemical structure. 2. This depression occurs because the cis double bond introduces a bend into the otherwise linear structure of a saturated fatty acid, preventing the molecules from stacking closely together into a crystalline structure as the temperature decreases.

The non-polar group is either a steroid or a similar polycyclic compound. They therefore have strong detergent properties. Saponins in alfalfa (lucerne) have been studied in detail. They are bitter and reduce intake when alfalfa is added to diets for non-ruminant animals. Saponins form complexes with cholesterol and can reduce serum cholesterol levels because they prevent readsorption from bile. 10d). In general, they contain about one rhamnose for each 10 galacturonic acid units. Galacturonic acid chains may be linked to both 2 and 4 positions of the rhamnose unit and this results in a zig-zag chain.

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An Introduction to Agricultural Biochemistry by J. M. Chesworth, T. Stuchbury, J. R. Scaife (auth.)

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