By Robert B. Ewen
Meant as an higher point undergraduate and/pr graduate point textual content for classes on theories of character, character conception, character, or psychology of character. It offers an advent to the guidelines of an important character theorist
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Additional resources for An Introduction to Theories of Personality: 6th Edition
Brenner (1973/1974, p. 139) relates the case of a female patient who was driving her husband’s car in heavy trafﬁc, and stopped so suddenly that the car behind crashed into and crumpled one of the rear fenders. Her free associations indicated that this parapraxis was due to three related, unconscious motives: anger toward her husband because he mistreated her (expressed by smashing up his car), a desire to be punished for such unwifely hostility (which was certain to be satisﬁed once her husband learned of the accident), and powerful repressed sexual desires that her husband was unable to satisfy (which were symbolically gratiﬁed by having someone “bang into her tail”).
This task is fraught with difﬁculties, and some libido inevitably remains attached (ﬁxated) to the pregenital erotogenic zones. So long as most of the libido reaches the genital stage, no great harm is done. But if traumatic events occur during a pregenital stage, such as harsh attempts at weaning or overly severe punishment during toilet training, excessive amounts of libido will become ﬁxated at that stage. The child will reject further development, and will demand the satisfactions that have been withheld.
128; 1940/1969a, p. 51. See also Freud, 1923/1963n, pp. 171–175; 1924/1963o, p. 181; 1925/1963p, p. ) Because the girl lacks the vital and immediate threat of castration anxiety, her superego is weaker, she has more difﬁculty forming effective sublimations, and she is more likely to become neurotic. Freud also regards the clitoris as an inferior possession that has permanent negative effects on a woman’s character, and concludes that a woman’s place is in the home (Freud, 1930/1961b, p. 50; 1926/1963j, p.
An Introduction to Theories of Personality: 6th Edition by Robert B. Ewen