By Donald E. Thrall DVM PhD DACVR, Ian D. Robertson BVSc DACVR
Equip your self to make exact diagnoses and attain profitable remedy results with this hugely visible accomplished atlas. that includes a considerable variety of new excessive distinction photos, Atlas of standard Radiographic Anatomy and Anatomic versions within the puppy and Cat, 2d version provides an in-depth examine either basic and non-standard matters in addition to demonstrations of right process and photograph interpretations. specialist authors Donald E. Thrall and Ian D. Robertson describe a much wider variety of "normal" compared to competing books — not just displaying general canine and cats, but in addition non-standard topics similar to obese and underweight pets and animals with breed-specific diversifications. each person half is placed into context with a textual description to assist clarify why a constitution seems to be because it does in radiographs, and allowing practitioners to understand adaptations of standard that aren't integrated, according to an realizing of simple radiographic principles.
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Additional info for Atlas of Normal Radiographic Anatomy and Anatomic Variants in the Dog and Cat, 2e
The dependent temporomandibular joint that is closest to the x-ray table is displaced rostrally, which minimizes superimposition and, importantly, minimizes distortion (Figure 2-27). In some patients, slight rotation along the sagittal plane (10-degree rotation of the nondependent surface of the head dorsally) results in the rostral aspect of the joint being displayed more conspicuously (Figure 2-28). However, excessive rotation in the sagittal plane can result in excessive distortion and superimposition of the opposite angular process over the temporomandibular joint.
A, Slightly oblique lateral view of an 8-year-old Golden Retriever. The ears have been pulled dorsally. Alternating soft tissue and gas opacities superimposed over the caudal aspect of the calvarium is trapped air within the vertical canals. The hollow white arrowheads are the caudal border of the pinnae. The ears should be positioned dorsally, particularly when the larynx is imaged, because superimposition can complicate radiographic interpretation. B, The pinnae are falling ventrally. There are multiple gas and soft tissue opacities superimposed over the larynx, thus complicating radiographic assessment.
Veterinary dentistry: principles and practice, Philadelphia, 1997, Lippincott-Raven. 2. Floyd MR: The modified Triadan system: nomenclature for veterinary dentistry. J Vet Dent 8:18–19, 1991. 3. Thrall D, editor: Technical issues and interpretation principles relating to the axial skeleton. Textbook of veterinary diagnostic radiology, ed 5, Philadelphia, 2007, Saunders. 4. Dickie A, Sullivan M: The effect of obliquity on the radiographic appearance of the temporomandibular joint in dogs. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 42:205–217, 2001.
Atlas of Normal Radiographic Anatomy and Anatomic Variants in the Dog and Cat, 2e by Donald E. Thrall DVM PhD DACVR, Ian D. Robertson BVSc DACVR