By Bjorn M. Felder, Paul J. Weindling
The background of eugenics within the Baltic States is essentially unknown. The booklet compares for the 1st time the eugenic initiatives of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania and the comparable disciplines of racial anthropology and psychiatry, and situates them in the wider ecu context. powerful ethno-nationalism outlined the kingdom as a organic team, which used to be fostered by way of authoritarian regimes tested in Lithuania in 1926, and in Estonia and Latvia in 1934. The eugenics initiatives have been designed to set up a state in organic phrases. Their goals have been to render the kingdom ethnically, genetically and racially homogeneous. the most time table was once a non-democratic kingdom that outlined its inhabitants in organic phrases. Eugenic guidelines have been to regenerate the kingdom and to reconstruct it as a "pure" and "original" race, Such schemes for nationwide regeneration contained robust components of secular faith.
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Additional info for Baltic Eugenics : Bio-Politics, Race and Nation in Interwar Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania 1918-1940
32 Weindling, 2009, 81-113. 33 Lichtenberger, 1936. 34 Köhn-Behrens, 1933. ; Fischer, E. and Lenz, F. (1921), Grundriss der menschlichen Erblichkeitslehre und Rassenhygiene. F. Lehmann. Brutzkus, J. (1940), Les groupes sanguins parmi les populations juives. Paris: Impr. centrale commerciale. Race, Eugenics and National Identity in the Eastern Baltic 45 Cantor, G. and Swetlitz, M. ) (2006), Jewish Tradition and the Challenge of Darwinism. Chicago: Chicago UP. Deniker, J. (1900), The races of man: an outline of anthropology and ethnography.
In broad terms, we are confronted by a shift from the great multi-ethnic European dynastic and imperial states that finally expired in the conflagration of the First World War, to the post-1918 birth of democracies based on the principle of national self determination (or, as in Bolshevik propaganda, “socialism in one country”). Eugenics was a key factor in the transformative process, which involved welfare provision on a selective basis, population policies and transfers, and migration controls.
The Application of Eugenics in Estonia 1918-1940 Ken Kalling Abstract From the 19th century onwards, the biologisation of social discourse concerning Estonian nation-building was prompted by the supposed threat of degeneration and demographic concerns. The Estonian eugenicists constituted mainly a pro-natalist movement which stood behind several prominent activities aimed at the improvement of demographic situation. The eugenic movement was strong: in 1924 a eugenics society was founded. Eugenics was well perceived by the authoritarian political system in Estonia – the latter, besides attempting to biologise the national concept through the term of national entity, was aiming towards a corporate system of statebuilding, and fostered applied eugenics.
Baltic Eugenics : Bio-Politics, Race and Nation in Interwar Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania 1918-1940 by Bjorn M. Felder, Paul J. Weindling